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4G Image Intensifier Tube
The 4G standard is the latest technology in intensified night vision. 4G is specifically designed to address the stringent requirements of special forces operators. Only 4G can offer ultra-fast Auto-Gating, the smallest halo and unrivalled spectral range from ultraviolet to near infrared. Gain the unfair advantage in the darkest nights, in all terrain and operations. Get the best DRI* range and be the first to see.
A Better Way to Profile your Ion Beam in Instrument Design for More Accurate Analysis
This paper outlines how the Ion Beam Profiler can be used to aid analytical instrument designers identify ion beam path obstructions, poor alignment and poor focus. The unit provides real time imaging for model verification or for live video capture of high speed events.
A Direct Comparison of Resistive Glass and Stacked-Ring Reflectron
This paper compares the performance of a multi-piece stacked ring reflectron and one constructed from Resistive Glass. The single-piece Resistive Glass is similar in performance but requires much less maintenance and assembly.
Achieving High Resolution in a Benchtop Resistive Glass Tube Ion Mobility Spectrometer
An Ion Mobility Spectrometer using Resistive Glass technology shows improved resolving power when tested across a number of samples.
Advanced performance and BiPolar TOF detectors
Photonis manufactures the world’s fastest Time of Flight detectors which support portable, UltraFast™ and BiPolar solutions. Our detectors provide unmatched temporal resolution and superior mass sensitivity. More TOF-MS instrument designers choose to work with Photonis than anyone else because of our ability to customize our detectors.Photonis’ TOF detectors are available in a range of sizes and configurations to perfectly suit your needs.
Advanced Performance Detectors brochure
Photonis Advanced Performance Detectors are MCP-based complete detector assemblies that can be used in a wide variety of applications to detect charged particles and electromagnetic radiation. At the core of every Advanced Performance Detector are Photonis’ Long-Life™ MCPs, which provide the highest level of sensitivity available to the market. With Photonis’ detectors, you’ll be the fi rst to discover.
ALD MCP Poster
Using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) to Enhance Microchannel Plates (MCPs) for Mass Spectrometry Matthew Breuer; Paula Holmes, Ph.D.; John Harper Photonis Scientifi c, Inc., Sturbridge, MA
Analytical Instruments
Photonis is the global leader in the engineering and manufacture of ion and electron detectors and inlet tubes for use in a wide range of analytical instruments and mass spectrometry techniques. Our photonic solutions support spectroscopy applications with a broad choice of spectral response options. Our patented products provide superior lifetime and improved sensitivity so you will be the fi rst to identify any unknown matter.
Application Guide for Forced-Air Cooling
TP-117 Power Tube Application Note: Handling and Operating Considerations When Using Broadcast-Type Tetrodes
Application Guide for Screen-Grid
TP-122 Power Tube Application Note: Screen-Grid Current, Loading, and Bleeder Considerations
Application Guide Power Tubes
TP-105 Application Guide for Power Tubes
AREVA Confirmation
Neutron and Gamma detectors - AREVA Confirmation
AREVA Label
Neutron and Gamma detectors AREVA Label
Auto-Gating
Auto-Gatin (ATG) function was designed to improve the BSP feature to be faster and to keep the best resolution and contrast at all times. It is particularly suitable for Aviator’s Night Vision goggles, operations in urban areas or for special operations....
Beam Profile Monitor Incorporating Very Large Area Electron Generator Arrays
The precise determination of transverse beam profiles in accelerator and collider systems is critical to proper operation. The high energy physics community has long sought a capability to determine location and focus of charged particle beams racing through accelerator tubes. Imaging a charged particle beam traveling at speeds approaching the speed of light without changing the velocity or focus has proven to be a challenging task. Whenever scientists have had difficulty measuring small or fast events, they often find the answers lie in observing the things around the event of interest which can be observed. This paper outlines how a dense array of electrons could be used in a similar manner to profile charged particle beams.
Black Spots
Black Spots are cosmetic blemishes that may originate from fixed particles inside the I2 tube or in the fiber optic. Small size black spots in the I2 tube are inherent to the manufacturing process and do not affect the performance or reliability of the device.....
CFUE32 Specifications
7mm diameter in-core fission chamber Detection of thermal neutrons in flux range up to 103 to 1013 n.cm-2.s-1 In-core measurements (up to 600°C) Watertight stainless steel structure Integral high immunity, mineral insulated cable
CFUF34 Specifications
4.7mm diameter in-core fission chamber Detection of thermal neutrons in the 103 to 3x1012 n.cm-2.s-1 In-core measurements (up to 300°C) Strengthened watertight stainless steel structure Integral mineral insulated cable
CFUF43 Specificaitons
4.7mm diameter in-core fission chamber Detection of thermal neutrons in flux up to 1014 n.cm-2.s-1 In-core measurements (up to 350°C) Strengthened watertight stainless steel structure Integral mineral insulated cable
CFUG08 Specifications
Out-core fission chamber with integral cable Detection of thermal neutrons in a wide flux range of 0.2 to 7x1010 n.cm-2.s-1 High sensitivity Also available in a LOCA-proof (Loss Of Coolant Accident) version
CFUK08 Specifications
Out-core fission chamber with integral cable Detection of thermal neutrons in a flux wide range of 0.3 to 1010 n.cm-2.s-1 High sensitivity Also availed in a LOCA-proof (Loss Of Coolant Accident) version
CFUL01 Specifications
Out-core fission chamber Detection of thermal neutrons in a flux range of 1 to 1010 n.cm-2.s-1 High sensitivity Very high safety of use
CFUL08 Specifications
Out-core fission chamber with integral cable Detection of thermal neutrons in a flux range of 1 to 1010 n.cm-2.s-1 High sensitivity Very high safety of use
CFUM11 Specifications
Out-core fission chamber Detection of thermal neutrons in a flux range of 10 to 1011 n.cm-2.s-1 High safety of use Integral HN connector
CFUR43 Specifications
3mm diameter in-core fission chamber In-core measurements of flux range up to 1.5x1014 n.cm-2.s-1 at 350°C Watertight stainless steel structure Integral mineral insulated cable
CFUR64 Specifications
3mm diameter in-core fission chamber In-core measurements of flux range up to 1014 n.cm-2.s-1 at 300°C Wide dynamic range Watertight stainless steel structure Integral mineral insulated cable
CFUZ53 Specifications
1,5mm diameter in-core fission chamber In-core measurements of flux range up to 5x1014 n.cm-2.s-1 at 350°C Sub-miniature watertight stainless steel structure Integral mineral insulated cable
Channeltron Brochure
Photonis designs and manufactures Channeltron® Electron Multipliers for analytical instruments and other charged particle applications. With their low mass and high gain properties, Channeltron® electron Multipliers are durable and effi cient detectors used in many nuclear physics labs and for space applications to count electrons and charged particles in pulse mode operation. With Photonis' Channeltron® detectors, you will be the fi rst to detect more ions.
Channeltron Handbook for Mass Spectrometry Applications
It is the intent of this handbook to acquaint users of mass spectrometer Channeltron® single channel electron multiplier (CEM) detectors with the basic principles of operation, design criteria, and recommended handling and storage procedures for their detectors. Chapters are included on the construction, theory and operation of CEMs, operational characteristics such as detection efficiency and dynamic range, and some applications information relating to typical instrumentation. For simplicity, only information of general interest or specific to mass spectrometry has been included. A number of references will be found at the end of each chapter for those who wish to explore further. The list is not intended to be exhaustive; however, additional references are cited in the sources given.
Characterization of a New High Resolution Ion Beam Imager to Improve Ion Beam Analysis in Mass Spectrometers
This paper discusses how a digital low light CMOS camera can be paired with a Microchannel Plate equipped with a phosphor screen to provide real-time imagry of an ion beam to ensure proper focus and alignment for the most accurate analysis.
Characterization of Common Electron Multipliers in Harsh Environments
This paper discusses the performance of channel electron multipliers designed for use in harsh environments. Increasingly the need for portable machines that operate at high pressure or poor vacuum enviroments are also requiring smaller, more durable detectors. Lifetime and performance results are presented.
Characterization of the Uniformity and Stability of Resistive Glass
Testing was performed on Resistive Glass to characterize resistance uniformity, resistance stability both at room temperature and over temperature change, voltage breakdown and chemical durability.
Chevron Start-up procedure
Chevron MCP and Detector Initial Start-up and Electrical Test Procedure
CMOS Night Observation Device - Brochure
The CNOD provides two functions in a single device at the fraction of the cost of similar systems currently on the market. Usable as a clip-on or stand alone weapon sight for 24/7 high definition operation, the CMOS Night Observation Device enables militaries around the world, including the US Army, to expose the hidden detail in any environment.
Conventional Traveling Wave Tubes Specifications
Photonis USA Pennsylvania manufactures helix type TWTs which provide superior wide-band performance. The tubes are of metal-ceramic construction for severe environmental conditions and utilize rare earth periodic permanent magnets for power-free focusing.
CPNB44 Specifications
Application: Detection of thermal neutrons in pulse mode Long life (integrated gas reservoir)
CPNB48 Specifications
Application: Detection of thermal neutrons in pulse mode Long life (integrated gas reservoir)
CPNB64 Specifications
Application: Detection of thermal neutrons in pulse mode Long life (integrated gas reservoir)
CPNB65 Specifications
Application: Detection of thermal neutrons in pulse mode Long life (integrated gas reservoir)
CPNB84 Specifications
Application: Detection of thermal neutrons in pulse mode Long life (integrated gas reservoir)
CRGA11 Specifications
Measurement of high intensity gamma radiations Low leakage current requirements Guard ring structure Measurements up to 250 °C Integrale cables
CRGB10/N2 Specifications
Measurement of high intensity gamma radiations Measurements up to 125 °C Dose rates up to 105 Gy.h-1
CRGB10/Xe Specifications
Measurement of high intensity gamma radiations Measurements up to 125 °C Dose rates up to 105 Gy.h-1
CRGE10/N2 Specifications
Measurement of high intensity gamma radiations Measurements up to 400 °C Dose rates up to 108 Gy.h-1
CRGE10/Xe Specifications
Measurement of high intensity gamma radiations Measurements up to 400 °C Dose rates up to 106 Gy.h-1
Cricket Brochure
Photonis’ Cricket provides a simple and cost-effective way to convert your existing camera into a complete plug-and-play intensified solution. Photonis´ Cricket enables your camera to capture images across a broad spectral range, from 200 to 900nm. Connecting the Cricket is simple, using a universal C-mount interface. Simply adjust the fine focus and begin.
Custom Mass Spectrometer Detectors and Inlet Tubes for use in Portable Security and Forensic Applications
As analytical instruments become smaller and more portable, it is crucial to good analytical analysis to have compact, high-performing detectors that will operate in a variety of environmental conditions, most notably poor vacuum. This paper presents a wide range of available detectors that can be used in security or forensic analysis in the field as well as in the lab.
Custom MCPs for Analytical Instruments
All Photonis LongLifeTM MCPs are specially designed to provide longer lifetime with superior detection capability with pore sizes as small as 2μm. All Photonis MCPs can be ordered with an exclusive Extended Dynamic Range option that increases detection up to ten times versus traditional MCPs.
Daly Detector Specifications
Photonis’ unique Daly Detector significantly reduces noise due to ion feedback while negating many of the surface characteristic changes seen in CEMs at high pressure. It also provides superior performance when operating at various vacuum levels. By combining the high sensitivity of a photomultiplier tube with a cylindrically-focused electron optics configuration, the Daly Detector out-performs comparable products.
Design and Construction of a Benchtop High Resolution Atmospheric Pressure Resistive Glass Drift Tube Ion Mobility Spectrometer
Resistive Glass can be used to enhance ion throughput. This paper discusses the construction and test of an ion mobility spectrometer using Resistive Glass drift tubes and reaction tubes, and a unique Bradbury-Nielsen ion gate built using photo-etching technology. In this paper a DART ionization source was used for testing.
Development of a 2-inch square Position-sensing PMT for use in Medical Imaging
This paper discusses the design and manufacture of a square photomultiplier tube (PMT) for use in an MCP-PMT hybrid detector for medical imaging applications. The unique square shape allows multiple units to be tiled together to form a larger image.
Development of Miniature Electron Multipliers for Use in Portable Mass Spectrometers
Technology advancements have allowed ion detectors to operate in poor vacuum conditions while still providing high gain, low noise, and long life. These detectors require little power and space, enabling high quality analysis in a truly portable instrument
Development of Night Vision
The first night vision devices were introduced during World War II. Generation 0 devices did not actually amplify ambient light, but rather allowed a user to see near‐infrared light. These so‐called active devices required the use of a large infrared light source to illuminate targets, and consequently were easily detectable by opposing forces using similar equipment....
Development of Novel Monolithic Resistive Glass Tubes wit Multi-Stage Capability for Use as a Reflectrons, Ion Guides and Collision Cells
A new technology has been developed which enables single piece structures made of Resistive Glass to produce multiple linear stages. This advancement enables low cost, easy-to-clean single piece reflectrons, collision cells or ion guides to be produced.
Development of Resistive Glass Multi-Capillary Inlet Tubes for Enhanced Ion Transport
Resistive Glass has proven to be successful at increasing the ion transmission in atmospheric pressure ionization sources. This paper discusses the manufacture of a multi-channel inlet tube and its effects on ion throughput
Discrete Dynode Detectors Brochure
Photonis now provides a range of Discrete Dynode Electron Multipliers to provide plug-and-play replacement modules for ICPMS instruments. These electron multipliers provide excellent lifetime with fast timing and high sensitivity response.
Discrete Dynodes Leaflet
PHOTONIS provides a range of Discrete Dynode Electron Multipliers to provide plug‐and‐play replacement modules for ICP‐MS instruments. These Electron Multipliers provide excellent lifetime with fast timing and high sensitivity response.
EBNOCTURN - Specifications
The EBNOCTURN Camera is the most powerful extreme Low Light Camera that operates under conditions from full moon down to overcast starlight. Based on the EBCMOS sensor it is changing the game by combining the best Night Vision performance with digital technology ever. Due to its light Size, Weight and Power (SWaP) it the most suitable camera for helicopter mounted Night Vision system platforms, jet pilot Night Vision systems, driver vision enhancement systems, weapon sights and dismounted soldier Night Vision systems. Where every photon counts.
Electonic Imaging Detector
This paper discusses the use of a microchannel plate phosphor screen-based detector paired with a camera, which can capture images from the phosphor screen in real time. It can be used for VUV Spectroscopy, Imaging TOF or High Energy Physics Applications
Electron Generator  Arrays Specification
Photonis patented ELECTROGEN™ Electron Generator Arrays (EGAs) consist of millions of precision glass tubes fused together to produce a uniform and mechanically rigid structure. They are processed such that, when a voltage is applied across the thickness, each pore produces a beam of electrons. With each of the millions of pores producing electron, the resultant electron flux is extremely uniform and dense.  
Electronic Warfare
Photonis is a leading provider of Electronic Warfare solutions to militaries around the world. Our continual innovation and development allows warfi ghters to make the fi rst move against any threat.
Experimental Evaluation of Resistive Glass Ion Optics
Resistive Glass is formed into a Reflectron Lens and evaluated for resistance uniformity and directly compared to the performance of a stacked ring assembly Reflectron. Results show that Resistive Glass is well suited for making ion optics components that simplify cleaning and replacement.
EXT-HN Specifications
High immunity extension cables Transmission of low level pulse signals Watertight HN connectors High level resistance to radiations and electromagnetic parasitic signals.
Fiber Optic Multi-Mode Transmission
The theory of multi-mode fiber optic components is presented in terms of simple component and system concepts. Each concept is accompanied with illustrations and sufficient equations so that a designer can develop the needed mathematical expressions to make trade-offs in system parameters and to predict system performance.
Fiber Optics Light Guides Specifications
PHOTONIS engineering expertise in the fiber optics industry is unmatched by any other company in the world. Its unique approach to difficult applications combines a proficiency in specialized glass fabrication, precision drawing facilities, and more than forty years of experience in fiber optics. Standard and custom assemblies fabricated by PHOTONIS offer the customer the best engineering solution, utilizing the most advanced technology available today. 
Fiber Optics: Theory and Applications
This paper discusses the theory of fiber optic transmission, with an in depth discussion of reflection, refraction and numerical aperture along with a variety of geometrical configurations.
FieldMaster™ Brochure
FieldMaster™ Resistive Glass Products control the speed and direction of ions by generating a uniform electric field.
FusionSight® - Brochure
Thanks to the combination of both visible colour low light channel and thermal channel, the Fusionsight® can detect, recognize and identify distances of up to 3 km. The user can capture images, video and can stream data real-time on multiple interfaces and during long-term team operations. This makes this hand held especially efficient during operations facing hidden and camouflaged threats and objects of interest.
FusionView Brochure
Enhance your vision during night and day with the fully digital lightweight FusionView. COLOR LOW LIGHT THERMAL IMAGING SMART FUSION CAPABILITY
Gain
Image Intensifier Tubes work by collecting low levels of light, amplifying them to levels that can be easily observed. The tube gain (which is also referred to as brightness gain or luminance gain) is the magnitude, or number of times the image intensifier amplifies the light input. Gain is calculated as the ratio of light output divided by light input and typically has a value1 of 15,000 cd/m²/lx, with a maximum of 22,000 cd/m²/lx. In all night vision systems, the gain is reduced by the system’s lenses and is affected by the quality of optics and filters, therefore system gain is an important measure of performance for the end user....
Gimball Brochure
The plug & play gyrostabilised payload combines high quality sensors for surveillance and security missions above all. The lightweight and compact size of the Plug & Play payload, with a fully gyrostabilized system capable of 360° yaw and 90° pitch, brings an easy ready to use solution for the operator. Plug and play for field operation with dual transmission in real time, the payload offers a wide range of possibilities in terms of use.
Glass Capillary Arrays Specification
Photonis manufactures our Glass Capillary Arrays to consist of millions of precision glass tubes fused together to produce a uniform and mechanically rigid device in square, rectangular and round shapes. With their strong, self‐ supporting structure, Glass Capillary Arrays have excellent thermal and chemical stability and sieve‐like filtration abilities to be used in a wide variety of applications. With Photonis’ Glass Capillary Arrays you can perform more experiments more efficiently.
Halo
When operating in dynamic light conditions, images provided through Image Intensifier Tubes show “halos” around the brightest spots in the scene, for example; street lights or car headlights are typically surrounded by round bright areas, disturbing the overall image quality and ‘whiting out’ part or the entire image. The primary cause of a halo is the fraction of photoelectrons generated by the photocathode when they hit the surface between holes of the MCP input, and then backscatter.
Handling & Operating Considerations
TP-117 Power Tube Application Note: Handling and Operating Considerations When Using Broadcast-Type Tetrodes
Handling & Storage Instructions – EN
Storage, Handling and Operation of Microchannel Plates - English version
Handling & Storage Instructions – EN
LAGERUNG, BEHANDLUNG und ANWENDUNG von MIKROKANALPLATTEN (MCPs)
Handling & Storage Instructions – SP
ALMACENAMIENTO, MANEJO Y OPERACION DE PLACAS DE MICROCANALES (MCP)
Hi-QE Brochure
High Quantum Efficiency Photocathode is specifically designed to improve quantum efficiency by up to 50%, the Hi-QE photocathode sets a new standard for dark count rates and spectral sensitivity. Photonis’ innovation in photocathode technologies improves the traditional S20 or S25 photocathodes signifi cantly, providing an unmatched combination of fast response time, low dark counts, and increased spectral sensitivity. With Photonis’ Hi-QE photocathode, quantum effi ciency increases by up to 50% and the dark count rate is lowered by as much as 10X. The Hi-QE photocathode is available as an option in MCP-PMTs, image intensifi er tubes, and hybrid photo diodes off ered by Photonis. When you use Photonis’ Hi-QE photocathode in your detector, you will be the fi rst to discover the next scientific breakthrough.
HI-QE Paper
Based on conventional S-20 processes, a new series of high quantum efficiency (QE) photocathodes has been developed that can be specifically tuned for use in the ultraviolet, blue or green regions of the spectrum. The QE values exceed 30% at maximum response, and the dark count rate is found to be as low as 30 Hz/cm2 at room temperature. This combination of properties along with a fast temporal response makes these photocathodes ideal for application in photon counting detectors, which is demonstrated with an MCP photomultiplier tube for single and multi-photoelectron detection.
High Dynamic Range Ion Detection Using Channel Electron Multipliers
Improving the dynamic range of a channel electron multiplier to operate at high output current. The paper discusses the addition of discrete dynodes to a six-channel electron multiplier to achieve this operation and examines the effect on the lifetime of the detector.
High Quantum Efficiency S20 Photocathodes in Photon Counting Applications
Improvements were done to a standard S20 photocathode that increase the quantum efficiency by up to 50%. Test results on a Chevron style MCP-PMT are presented.
High Voltage Power Supply PF1053
Bench-top High Voltage Power Supply for Laboratory Applications
High Voltage Power Supply PF1054
Bench-top High Voltage Power Supply with two separate outputs for laboratory applications
High Voltage Power Supply PF1055
Quad output, High Voltage Rack Mount Power Supply designed for use with PHOTONIS bipolar time-of-flight detectors
How an Image Intensifier Tube Works
How an Image Intensifier Tube Works
How an MCP works
For over thirty years, PHOTONIS (formerly Philips Photonics, Galileo and Burle) has consistently set the standard in electron multipliers and related products. Today, an extensive R&D program coupled with unsurpassed expertise in microchannel plate (MCP) technology continues to deliver a succession of product and process improvements that push aside previous technology limits....
HPD Brochure
Photonis custom manufactures Hybrid Photo Diodes to detect the largest amount of photons while eliminating any extra noise. Hybrid Photo Diodes combine vacuum-based image intensification techniques with a silicon diode. Ideal for single photon counting applications, with Photonis’ Hybrid Photo Diode solutions you will be the first to examine new phenomena.
Image Intensifier Brochure
Image intensifi ers are used to amplify across a wide range of wavelengths, making them visible for researchers to observe behavior and phenomena. Photonis off ers the largest selection of both standard and custom detectors in the market, with unmatched gating and photocathode options, including the highest quantum effi ciency available.
Image Intensifier Specifications
Photonis can customize nearly every component of Image Intensifi ers to be sure you get the exact detector to meet your requirement. Our engineering staff will be happy to assist you in selecting the best combination to achieve your detection needs.
Imaging Photon Counter Brochure
Photonis’ Imaging Photon Counter provides a unique set of capabilities to support fast imaging techniques under light-starved conditions. The Imaging Photon Counter combines innovative MCP detector technologies and specially-designed fast electronics. With no read noise and a wide-fi eld of view, the Imaging Photon Counter supports TCSPC applications in extreme low light.
Imaging Photon Counter Specifications
The Imaging Photon Counter offers some innovative features such as: ● Wide Field of View: full C-Mount wide fi eld of view (18mm round) ● Single Photon Time Tagging: 100pS timing resolution ● High Spatial Resolution: spatial resolution on the X and Y axis <40μm ● High Count Rates: Equipped for input event rates up to 5MHz and local count rates to 10kHz
Imaging Photon Counting Camera with high Spatiotemporal resolution
Photon counting detectors with high spatiotemporal resolution are key tools of imaging techniques where picosecond timing and micrometer imaging are required, for example in time resolved single molecule imaging. PHOTONIS’ Imaging Photon Camera (IPC) is a wide field of view (18 mm active area) system able to detect individual photons within resolution of 100 ps in time and 40 μm FWHM in position. The Imaging Photon Camera consists of a dual microchannel plate (MCP) tube equipped with a 22 mm cross strip (XS) anode and specially designed high speed electronics that achieve global count rates up to 5 MHz.
Improved Lifetime and Performance for Your Mass Spectrometer
This article discusses how improvements to electron multipliers bring extended lifetime and higher gain for better mass spectrometer analysis
Improving MALDI-TOF Performance with Practical Implementation of Very High Post-Acceleration
This paper discusses ways to improve MALDI-TOF performance in ion masses in excess of 100kDa by applying very high post-acceleration voltages.
Improving Quantification in Time of Flight (TOF) Mass Spectrometers by Optimizing Detector Response
This paper looks at ways to optimize the operating parameters of a Time of Flight detector. The paper examines the effects of various MCPs, voltages and gain on the detector.
Innovative Technologies in Resistive Glass for Efficient Ion Transport
PHOTONIS Resistive Glass specialty tubes and plates are designed to control the velocity of ions by generating a uniform electric field. PHOTONIS provides a number of products that use Resistive Glass to improve the efficiency of an analytical instrument.
Ion Beam Profiler Specification
Featuring: Low Light CMOS High-Speed Camera Large, Customizable Microchannel Plate Simple Acquisition of Analog or Digital Images Immediate Feedback of Ion Loss and Optimization
IPC Camera Brochure
Photonis designed the Imaging Photon Counter technology to provide high-speed, high-resolution imaging without the read noise found in digital sensor technologies such as EMCCD or CMOS. The Imaging Photon Counter provides extreme low light images without sub-zero cooling and connects to any microscope or imaging device via a standard C-mount.
Isolating the Effects of Microchannel Plate Parameters on the Ultimate Resolution in Time-of-Flight Detectors
This paper examines the effects of pore sizes and bias angles of the Microchannel Plates used in Time of Flight Detectors. Experiments were done to determine how the parameters of the MCP could be manipulated to minimize time jitter to ultimately improve the detection resolution of a Time of Flight detector. Efforts to control flatness of the MCP are also discussed
KAMELEON CMOS Sensor Specification
The KAMELEON CMOS pixel architecture offers the best compromise between inherent signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), high resolution and intrascene dynamic range. With total read-out noise below 4 e- without cooling, the KAMELEON CMOS sensor outperforms all low light imaging sensors down to 4 mlx while still supporting frame rates up to 100 fps at a full SXGA (1280 x 1024) resolution.
LYNX CMOS Sensor Specification
The LYNX CMOS image sensor is a 1.3MP sensor with full SXGA 1280 x 1024 resolution, designed to provide excellent performance in low light level conditions.
MAGNUM Electron Multiplier 5900 Series Specs Sheet
Mass spectrometer replacements High pressure High dynamic range Compact, plug-in applications
MANGUM™ 5900 series Specifications
Applications Mass spectrometer replacements High pressure High dynamic range Compact, plug-in applications
MCP Brochure
For more than 40 years, Photonis has led the industry in electron multiplication products with our Long-Life™ Microchannel Plates. Our unrivaled expertise in designing and manufacturing MCPs ensures our customers receive the most sensitive and reliable systems available. Photonis specializes in providing MCPs in custom formats so that you will be the fi rst to discover new phenomena.
MCP PMT Brochure
As the global leader in high-speed photon detection, Photonis has been designing custom MCP-PMTs for years. Photonis MCP-PMTs are ideal for high speed, single photon counting applications. With our highly sensitive MCP-PMT photon detectors, you will be able to perform faster and more accurate testing.
Micro Pore Optic brochure
A compact and lightweight alternative to conventional X-Ray optics, the Micro Pore Optic allows a broad range of imaging options for UV, EUV and X-Rays. Photonis designed the Micro Pore Optic detector to be used in X-Ray imaging applications. Its perfectly square, fl at channels are optimized to allow X-Ray and UV photons to be focused or collimated due to the total external reflection at a grazing angle of less incidence. Micro Pore Optics are installed on a number of international space missions. The unique squarepore plate is efficient and can be confi gured in radially packed or square packed channels. They are provided with Iridium coatings to enhance reflection and films to provide a heat shield. Micro Pore Optic detectors provide a more robust alternative to the standard X-Ray and UV imaging products available today.
Micro pore optics from planetary x-ray imager to industrial market
For over fifteen years, micro-Channel plate (MCP) optics, later termed "Micro Pore Optics" (MPOs) - have been under development to replace the heavy Wolter Type 1 replicated or foil mirrors currently used in X-ray astronomy.The European Space Agency Technology Research Programme (TRP), notes a reliable manufacturing process has now been established, able to produce high quality, low mass X-ray and UV optics in a variety of formats. Optimisation of the glass preparation and drawing technology, in line process controls and metrology as well as improvements in the fibre stacking processes, core glass etching and plate slumping have all been developed. Channel coating methods have also been developed to enhance the high energy response. All these improvements enable Photonis to offer MPOs with square pores from 10x10 μm up to 100x100 μm, with channel aspect ratios of up to 500:1 in both square and radially packed geometries in various shapes and with focal lengths in the range 10 cm to several metres.
Microchannel Plate Detctors
This paper reviews the theory of operation and different types of Microchannel Plate configurations and discusses in depth parameters, efficiencies and operation.
MICROTRON Specs Sheet
Portable and Powerful Photonis’ unique Daly Detector significantly reduces noise due to ion feedback while negating many of the surface characteristic changes seen in CEMs at high pressure. It also provides superior performance when operating at various vacuum levels. By combining the high sensitivity of a photomultiplier tube with acylindrically-focused electron optics configuration, the Daly Detector out-performs comparable products.
MICROTRON™ Specifications
The PHOTONIS Microtron™ Miniature Advanced Performance Detector offers previously unobtainable levels of gain, dynamic range, and detection sensitivity in a compact, easy to use package. All this from the largest supplier of standard, retrofit and custom detectors for charged particle and electro-magnetic radiation detection.
Microwave Power Modules Specifications
Photonis USA Pennsylvania offers Microwave Power Modules to meet the power, bandwidth and spectral purity requirements of many state of the art microwave systems. The MPM is an efficient, low noise amplifier consisting of a high gain solid-sate driver (MMIC) foll owed by a multi-collector traveling wave tube (TWT) along with their power supplies, all tightly integrated into a common, lightweight package.
Microwave Power Products
PHOTONIS is a world leader in the development and manufacture of the highest quality power and signal amplifi ers, integrating both vacuum electron and solid state technologies, for reliable high-effi ciency and high broadband frequency communications systems. Our innovation in metal-to-ceramic construction and patented fi ve-stage collector set the industry standard. Our products enable the world’s most powerful and sophisticated radars, electronic warfare jammers, missile systems and weapon system simulators as well as military and commercial satellite data communications devices. PHOTONIS provides superior microwave and signal products to all branches of the US Military, NATO and NATO aligned allies, and to a wide range of commercial customers. PHOTONIS also provides a full range of professional engineering services, from design and development of custom solutions, to system engineering, integration and support.
Milimeter Traveling Wave Tubes Specifications
Photonis USA Pennsylvania manufactures a variety of millimeter wave helix type TWTs in the frequency range of 18 to 46 GHz. Most tubes cover standard waveguide bandwidths while others are optimized for smaller bands of interest. The tubes are all of metal-ceramic construction for severe environmental conditions and utilize rare earth periodic permanent magnets for power-free focusing.
Mini PLANACON 10µm 4x4 Specifications
10µm MCP-PMT 25 mm Square, 4x4 Anode - Superior Magnetic Field Immunity - Enhanced Timing Performance
Miniature CEM Datasheet
Applications Leak detectors Portable mass spectrometers Dedicated sensors Environmental sensors Industrial sensors
Miniature CEM Datasheet Specifications
Applications Leak detectors Portable mass spectrometers Dedicated sensors Environmental sensors Industrial sensors
Miniature Channeltron® Electron Multiplier Specs Sheet
Leak detectors Portable mass spectrometers Dedicated sensors Environmental sensors Industrial sensors
Miniature Ion Detectors for Mass Spectrometers Help Move Laboratory Analysis into the Field
This article describes advancements in the development of miniature ion detectors to facilitate the implementation of truly portable mass spectrometers, residual gas analyzers and other analytical instruments. A wide variety of detectors are available
Modulation Transfer Function
The MTF of an imaging night vision device is the major characteristic that illustrates how well this device can reproduce the contrast of the observed scene. The MTF is the most objective tool to predict the image quality of the I² tube at high light levels.
Monolithic Reflectron Resistive Glass Specifications
A reflectron lens made with Resistive Glass provides a solid assembly replacement for stacked ring assembly while still providing the ability to alter ion flow. By generating a highly uniform electric field, Resistive Glass tubes are engineered to guide positive or negative charged particles.
Neutronic [I] Brochure
High Resolution, Greater Efficiency This new detector from Photonis is designed to provide either still images or video using both cold and thermal neutron imaging techniques for non-destructive testing and neutron tomography.
Night Vision Ruggedized Camera - Brochure
A CMOS Driver Enhanced Vision unit provides improved situational awareness and long range target identification. The CMOS sensor allows 24/7 high definition digital vision from daylight through low light conditions. The Night Vision Ruggedized Batcam is available in 3 versions: in monochrome, powered by the LYNX CMOS sensor, in colour powered by the Kameleon Color CMOS sensor or in an Extreme Low Light version, powered by EBCMOS sensor.
Night Vision Technology FAQ
HOW DOES AN IMAGE INTENSIFIER WORK? WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GENERATIONS? WHAT ARE IMPORTANT PARAMETERS FOR IMAGE INTENSIFIERS? WHAT IS MEANT BY HALO SIZE? HOW FAR CAN I SEE WITH AN IMAGE INTENSIFIER? WHAT CAUSES IMAGE BURN IN?
NOCTURN Cameras Brochure
Detect, Recognize and Identify with Photonis Digital Vision. Designed for crystal clear imagery in day-through-night lighting conditions, Photonis low-light technology offers a wide variety of imaging products with high resolution, high frame rates and extremely low light capabilities.
NOCTURN GP Specifications
NOCTURN GP Camera is powered by the KAMELEON Color CMOS imaging sensor, or the LYNX CMOS monochrome sensor, both optimized for low light level imaging.
Nocturn HDSDI 720p Specifications
The Photonis IPTV Kit combines a 720p HD-SDI day though night Nocturn camera with an objective lens and an H.264 internet protocol (IP) video encoder to transmit images over standard CAT5 Ethernet links and viewed by most management software used in CCTV applications.
NOCTURN MD Specifications
NOCTURN MD Camera is powered by the LYNX CMOS imaging sensor, optimized for low light level imaging.
NOCTURN U3 Specifications
NOCTURN U3 Camera is powered by the KAMELEON Color CMOS imaging sensor, or the LYNX CMOS monochrome sensor, both optimized for low light level imaging.
NOCTURN XL Specifications
NOCTURN XL Camera is powered by the LYNX CMOS imaging sensor, optimized for low light level imaging.
NOCTURN XS Specifications
NOCTURN XS Camera is powered by the LYNX CMOS or KAMELEON Color imaging sensor, optimized for low light level imaging.
Nuclear Instrumentation Selection Guide
Neutron and Gamma detectors Selection Guide
OEM replacement guide
Photonis offers a full range of replacement electron multipliers, microchannel plates and ion detectors for mass spectrometers, FIB, SEM, SIMS and residual gas analyzers. Replacement Channeltron® single channel Electron Multipliers, Microchannel Plates and Advanced Performance Detectors are manufactured and tested to the original performance specifications.
Optical Receiver Brochure
Photonis’ Optical Receiver is a high speed optical detector that is suitable for fast optical signals in the green to ultra-violet spectral range. The Optical Receiver module is also suitable for operation in vacuum environments.
Optical Receivers Specifications
Optical Receiver Module :High speed, high sensitivity optical detector
Optimizing a Dual-Stage, Continuous-Mode Discrete Dynode Detector for Mass Spectrometry
This paper discusses the development of a dual-stage continuous-mode discrete dynode detector, with an emphasis on optimizing operational lifetime. Performance characteristics of pulse gain, linearity, gate switching, differential drift and gain correleation are also discussed.
Optimizing Double-Tuned
TP-162 Application Guide Optimizing Double-Tuned Output Circuits For Tetrode Power Amplifiers Using the Y1400/9017 1kW UHF Cavity Amplifier as the Demo Circuit
Optimizing the Microchannel Plate Detector Assembly to Improve Time of Flight Mass Resolution
This paper discusses new methodologies to improve the flatness of the MCPs used in Time of Flight Detectors. Minimizing the variation in MCP flatness is shown to decrease the time jitter with experimental data in a prototype detector.
Performance Characteristics of Detectors Operated in Harsh Environments
This paper discusses the effect of detector degredation when exposed to high atmospheric pressure operation. A comparison of channel electron multipliers in single- and six-channel types were evaluated as was a new MountingPad rimless Microchannel Plate.
Performance Characterization Of A Simultaneous Positive and Negative Ion Detector For Mass Spectrometry Applications
Recent advances in shadow mask and laser ablation technology have opened up new possibilities for making compact segmented detectors.The active area of the microchannel plate can now be effectively partitioned into multiple areas offering specific performance capabilities. Separate areas could be effectively biased to preferentially detect either positively or negatively charged particles.
Performance of PHOTONIS' Low Light Imaging Sensors for Long Range Observation
A new CMOS sensor has been developed which provides a unique ability to see in both full daylight and extreme low light conditions (bright starlight) at high frame rates and high resolution. This has been implemented into a camera and tested at low light conditions at long range against CCD and other CMOS cameras. The results show up to 40% increase in DRI range even in low light conditions.
Photon Detector Brochure
Photonis has a long history of developing innovative and awardwinning photonics products. We provide a wide range of highspeed, high resolution and fast timing photonic detection products that reveal high-energy particle physics phenomena, fly into distant galaxies, and diagnose medical illnesses. With Photonis photonic detection products, you will be the fi rst to discover what has been hidden in your universe.
PLANACON 10µm 32x32 Specifications
10µm MCP-PMT 32x32 Anode 53 mm Square
PLANACON 10µm 8x8 Specifications
10µm MCP-PMT 53 mm Square, 8x8 Anode - Superior Magnetic Field Immunity - Enhanced Timing Performance
PLANACON 32x32 Specifications
25µm MCP-PMT 32x32 Anode 53 mm Square
PLANACON 8x8 Specifications
Applications Specialized Medical Imaging Cherenkov – RICH, TOF, TOP, DIRC High Energy Physics Detectors Homeland Security
Planacon brochure
The Planacon family of photon detectors combines the sensitivity and low noise of an MCP-PMT detector with a square shape that provides superior photon counting and excellent uniformity. Planacons are ideal for photon-starved, high-speed and high-energy photon counting applications such as fl uorescence imaging, physics research or medical imaging. With Planacon detectors from Photonis, you will be the fi rst to uncover the next critical breakthrough.
Product sheet KAMELEON
See Full Color at Night Full color imaging without illumination. The Kameleon color CMOS sensor is an award-winning technology which provides day through night imaging in full color.
Quantifying and Improving the Lifetime of Hybrid Detectors
In exploring new ways to optimize hybrid ion detectors, this paper examines ways in which performance improvement and the balance of individual components can combine to extend the lifetime of detectors. Experimental data on an MCP-PMT BiPolar TOF detector are presented.
QUANTUM Specification
test
QUANTUM Sub Miniature APD Specifications
The PHOTONIS QUANTUM™ Sub-Miniature Advanced Performance Detector offers previously unobtainable levels of amplification, dynamic range, and detection sensitivity in an ultra compact, easy to use package. It is specifically designed for miniature sensors and hand held analytical instruments, such as mass spectrometers, Residual Gas Analyzers, VUV spectrometers, and leak detectors.
Quantum Sub Miniature MCP Detector
The Development of a Micro-Miniature Microchannel Plate Based Detector For Mass Spectrometry Applications
Radar Communications
Photonis is an industry leader in providing reliable and accurate radar solutions to global militaries. Our broad range of products, combined with the innovation and versatility to engineer custom solutions, allows you to be the fi rst to recognize any incoming threat.
Raising the Bar on Electron Multiplier Operation at Elevated Pressures
This paper explores the boundaries of electron multiplication for amplification at pressures above 1x10-4 Torr. Using gain, voltage and dark current measurements in differing multiplier geometries, the maximum operating pressure as a function of voltage and detector gain is presented.
Reducing Detector Time Jitter to improve Mass Resolution in a Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer
The effects of combining previous research regarding optimizing Microchannel Plates with regards to both optimal resolution parameters and MCP flatness to increase mass resolution by as much as 15%.
Resistive Glass Drift Tubes with Air Stable Surface and Multiple Voltage Statges
Resistive Glass provides key benefits for ion mobility drift tubes, such as highly uniform electric fields with minimal radial inhomogeneities, simple one-piece construction and containment for counter-flow gas. The combination of uniform electric field and the turbulence-free counter-flow gas produces resolving powers of over 100. However, for some applications, the resistivity drift of Resistive Glass tubes exposed to oxygen-containing environments can be problematic. A new process has been developed that provides greater stability of resistivity when Resistive Glass tubes are operated in air. Improved stability was also realized for tubes heated in air to 200ºC.
Resistive Glass Product Brochure
Photonis Resistive Glass technology creates uniform electric fi elds that direct or guide charged particles within a rigid glass structure. The patented process creates an integral semi-conductive layer which can be manufactured into capillary inlet tubes, monolithic refl ectron lenses, collision cells or drift tubes to preferentially attract either positive or negative ions. With Photonis’ Resistive Glass technology, you’ll be the fi rst to identify every molecule.
Satellite Communications Brochure
Since 1942, Photonis has provided the world with reliable radio frequency (RF) power and Traveling Wave Tube (TWT) technologies to beliver broadcast, satellite and data solutions. No matter how you need to communicate, Photonis ensures you will be the fi rst to receive all critical communications.
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
The Signal‐to‐Noise Ratio (SNR) is the key parameter to predict the performances of an I2 tube in low light conditions. In the lowest light conditions, the image quality is highly dependent upon the light evel. When it is very dark (below highly overcast starlight), even with the best tubes there is almost no image and mainly noise scintillation. The SNR is a function of the light level; in order to compare tubes, the world standard is to measure the SNR at a given fixed light level of 108 μlx (in International Units) or 10‐5 foot candle (in American Units)....
Single Start-up procedure
CEMATM Single MCP and Detector Initial Start-up and Electrical Test Procedure
Spiraltron Brochure
Photonis’ Spiraltron™ series of products are miniature electron multipliers designed to deliver high performance at pressures up to 10² torr.
Spiraltron Electron Multipliers Specs Sheet
PHOTONIS USA Spiraltron™ series of miniaturized channel electron multipliers can deliver high performance at pressures up to 10-2 torr. The internal spiral structure facilitates low noise performance by significantly reducing the ion feedback typically generated from the high concentration of residual gas molecules in high pressure environments.
Spiraltron Family Specifications
Applications Elevated pressures Portable mass spectrometers Residual gas analyzers Vacuum loadlocks Small ID vacuum systems Array detections, such as magnetic sector mass spectrometers
Streak Tube Brochure
Photonis high resolution streak tubes set the standard in image resolution and reliability. With a wide range of spatial and temporal resolutions, Photonis streak tubes support extremely high speed applications with simple connections to common camera equipment.
Streak Tube Reference List
PHOTONIS Streak Tube Reference List
Streak Tube Specifications
Photonis high resolution streak tubes set the standard in image resolution and reliability. With a wide range of spatial and temporal resolutions, Photonis streak tubes support extremely high speed applications with simple connections to common camera equipment. Photonis streak tubes can provide spatial resolution up to 50 lp/mm, temporal resolution to sub-picosecond in streak mode, or exposure times less than 10 ns in framing mode making them a versatile solution to support a wide range of applications.
Streak Tube Technology
PHOTONIS' streak tubes are the most advanced on the market owing to: Bilamellar electron optics This invention separates temporal and spatial electron crossover space charge saturation for combined optimal temporal and spatial resolution. Transfer technology The transfer technology is the ultimate production method to produce top-class multialkali photocathodes. It leaves no alkali dispensers inside the tube resulting in long-life cathodes. Mastery of S1 manufacture Our unique know-how of the S1-cathode process results in tubes with the same long life as traditional multi-alkali cathode tubes.
Stripline MCP Brochure
Photonis’ Stripline Microchannel Plates capture high speed sequential images through the use of an electrode strip manufactured on the surface of each piece.
Stripline MCP Specifications
Stripline Microchannel Plates allow the capture of sequential images of charged particle events at very high speeds, making them an extremely useful diagnostic component for documenting nuclear events during energy research and process development.
Surveillance Solutions
Photonis provides a large range of products made for Surveillance applications.
Technical Overview of Long-Life Microchannel Plates
This paper reviews the design and development of Microchannel Plates and details the technology advancements incorporated that extend the lifetime of the detector while preserving high mass resolution and timing.
Technology glossary
https://www.photonis.com/en/technology-glossary
The Development of a High Speed Detector for Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry
Time of Flight Mass Spectroscopy has become the most widely used technique for identifying very large organic molecules. Recently, companies have started designing table top and portable TOF-MS instruments as the market has shifted. In this presentation, you will learn more about the origins of Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry and how our detectors support these instruments.
The Development of a Micro-Miniature Microchannel Plate Based Detector For Mass Spectrometry Applications
This paper discusses the development of an MCP-based detector less than 9mm in diameter with a gain of at least 100X. A new technology using brazed ceramic to metal seals was used. Noise tests were done to determine the effects of use in poor vacuum environments
The Development of a Novel Cold Electron Source
Microchannel Plates can be modified to function as spontaneous electron emitters. These electron generators are created by altering the microstructure of the MCP channel, so that spontaneously emitted electrons can be produced, causing cascading secondary electrons. The emission current can be varied over a broad range.
The Development of a Novel Electron Multiplier with an Onboard Integral High Voltage Power Supply for use in Mass Spectrometers
This paper characterizes the performance of using an onboard integral high voltage power supply in comparison to a traditional external rack-mounted power supply.
The Development of an Improved Electron Multiplier for Mass Spectrometry Applications
A six-channel electron multiplier has been developed to enhance the efficiency of mass spectrometers. This new detector provides longer lifetime and low noise in a small profile.
The Development of an Ultra Low Noise Microchannel Plate Based Ion Detector
A new alkali doped lead silicate glass is used to create Microchannel Plates that exhibit extremely low background noise when compared to traditional MCPs. These new MCPs are also compared to traditional ones for lifetime, gain, uniformity and quantum efficiency.
The Development of Novel Resistive Glass Technology to Simplify and Improve Designs in Analytical Instruments
A new proprietary reduced led silicate glass can be made into geometric glass structures. The glass has resistive properties and can create a very uniform electric field to more effectively guide or attract charged particles. The glass can also have thin film metallization points. These geometric structures can be used for drift tubes, ion guides, collision cells, reflectron lenses and more.
The Development of Novel Resistive Glass Technology to Simplify Ion Reflectron Lenses, Ion Guides, Drift Tubes and Ion Source Designs in Analytical Instruments
This paper examines how Resistive Glass can be used to manufacture reflectron lenses, ion guides, drift tubes and ion sources with similar performance and significantly simplifying the analtyical instrument's design
The development of the 2 micron pore Microchannel plate
An in-depth review of MCP history leading to the development, fabrication and quantification of a 2 micron pore microchannel plate. This new plate allows for a high speed detector with high spatial resolution.
The Effects of Endspoiling Variations on MCP Performance
This paper discusses various variations of endspoiling on microchannel plates (MCPs) to evaluate the effects on performance. Gain and spatial resolution variances were tested in both single MCP and Cheveron configurations.
Time of Flight Brochure
Photonis offers a wide range of Time of Flight detectors that support portable, ultra-fast and bi-polar solutions.
Voice of America Paper
TECHNIQUES TO EXTEND THE SERVICE LIFE OF HIGH POWER VACUUM TUBES
What is Night Vision?
Night vision enables to operate safely in night and low light conditions. Owning the best night vision equipment on the market will not always provide the best images. Only quality Image Intensifier Tubes (I2Ts) can provide the best night vision images. That’s why it is important, not only to choose a good quality night vision goggle, but to equip it with the best possible Image Intensifier.
Why Choose Channeltron® Electron Multipliers?
Photonis is the original manufacturer of all Channeltron® electron multipliers for use in a variety of analytical instruments. Our Channeltron® technology provides the highest dynamic range and sensitivity to ensure that your instrument is performing as efficiently as possible. As demonstrated in Figure 1, Channeltrons® directly detect and amplify energetic photons and charged particles such as positive and negative ions, electrons and assorted molecular and subatomic particles. More than half of the world’s mass spectrometer manufacturers use our Channeltrons® in their instruments and here are a few reasons why..
XD4 Image Intensifier Tube
With more than 500.000 image intensifier tubes sold, the Photonis XD-4 image intensifier tube is a proven performer. The XD-4 is found globally in operations. With a good signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), a high figure of merit (FOM) and small halo, the XD-4 is the image intensifier tube that allows users to win through the night by providing quality performance at a competitive price.
XR5 and GEN3
In the late 1990s, innovations in photocathode technology through proprietary doped techniques developed solely by PHOTONIS, enabled a big advancement. These innovations significantly reduced the be’s noise and increased the signal‐to‐noise ratio which is the undisputed characteristic to describe the low light level performance of an I2 ‐ and to allow comparison of tubes of various origins and echnologies. These newly developed I2 tubes started surpassing the performance of Gen 3 tubes....
XR5 Image Intensifier Tube
As the evolution of the trusted XD-4 image intensifier, the XR5 image intensifier offers an improved performance. With higher figure-of-merit (FOM) values and better signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) the XR5 image intensifier tube delivers the users a better performance throughout the night.
Z-Stack Start-up procedure
Z-Stack MCP and Detector Initial Start-up and Electrical Test Procedure

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